The world’s best artificial intelligence (AI) is as smart as a pigeon at the most basic level, new research shows.
In an in-depth study of the inner workings of birds’ brains, researchers have discovered that the “brute force” techniques they use to learn have similarities to artificial intelligence.
very much like artificial intelligence When taught to recognize patterns and objects that humans recognize, the University of Iowa team found that pigeons relied on a repetitive, trial-and-error approach.
test sees each Pigeon A stimulus was shown, each showing a different pattern, and the pigeons had to sort it by pecking at one of two buttons.
They must do so based on characteristics such as line width, line angle, and how the patterns are arranged. A correct answer produces delicious grains, but a wrong answer produces nothing.
Eventually, the pigeons memorized enough points to score close to 70 percent.
“The miracle of artificial intelligence? It learns like a pigeon
Professor Ed Wasserman, from the university’s Department of Psychology and Brain Sciences, said: “You keep hearing about the wonders of artificial intelligence, all the amazing things it can do.”
“For that matter, it can make someone who plays chess, or any video game, stand out.
“How does it do it? Is it smart?
“No, it uses the same or equivalent system that the pigeons use here.”
This type of learning by recognition is called associative learning, whereas humans typically rely on declarative learning.
For example, most of us don’t need to touch a hot stove to know that it hurts — something that relies on associations to learn does.
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Pigeons are “artificial intelligence masters”
Professor Wasserman praised the pigeons as “like AI gurus”, saying: “People are amazed at AI doing amazing things using learning algorithms, just like pigeons.
“When people talk about associative learning in humans and animals, it’s perceived as rigid and simplistic.”
Where computers can outperform pigeons, of course, is their vast memory and storage capacity, allowing them to store and process far more information than a pigeon’s brain can.
But in essence, their learning methods are similar.
“They’re using a biological algorithm, an algorithm that nature has given them,” Professor Wasserman added.
“And computers are using artificial algorithms provided by humans.”
The peer-reviewed study has been published in the journal Current Biology.